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1637 INQUISITION Dom Luis de Melo SERMONS VELLUM

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1637 INQUISITION Dom Luis de Melo SERMONS VELLUM
Item Details
Description
(INQUISITION).
Dom Luís de Melo. Sermoens.
Episcopal coat of arms.
pp. (3), 44.
Wormed and dampsoiled.
Original limp vellum, worn.
Small 4to. : 6 by 7.5"
Lisbon: Iorge Rodriguez 1637
Contains two Auto de Fe sermons by the Lisbon Inquisitor Dom Luís de Melo.
The first, from October 11th , 1637 at Ribeira Velha de Lisboa, where five New Christians were sentenced to death by fire: Joao de Siqueira, Diogo Machado, Maria Rodrigues, Isabel Ulhoa and Antonia Mendes.
The second sermon, from 16th January, 1636 at Lisbon’s Santa Engracia, was in commemoration of memory of the Profanation of Santa Engracia, which took place on January 15-16th of 1630, and lead to a violent wave of persecution against New Christians all over the reign: "The intensification of the Portuguese Inquisition's opposition to the Spanish Crown was accompanied by new cases based on allegations of sacrilege.
A laconic entry in a Portuguese archival register tells one such story: “Sacrilege committed in the Church of Santa Engracia of Lisbon during the night of January 15th to 16th and a theft of the Most Holy Sacrament, removed in a tortoise shell ciborium, which was found [later] in the Seco river near Alcantara in a quarry on January 29, 1631, by Dom Joao de Castello Branco, oldest son of the Count of Sabugal”.
The thin description of the event is somewhat misleading. The story of the “profanation of Santa Engracia” quickly dispersed to the rest of the country and elicited a widespread response against New Christians, who were blamed for the sacrilege.
In Coimbra, Lisbon, Evora and Braga students boycotted classes, demanding the expulsion of New Christian students.
Eventually, a man named Simao Pires Solis was arrested by the Portuguese Inquisition and interrogated under torture.
He was charged with Judaising and the theft of the Host from Santa Engracia.
Pires Solis' end was an unfortunate one.
After being condemned to death, his hands were amputated and only then he was burned alive at the stake.
Yet, as was the case in the affair in Madrid, the Santa. Engracia case did not end with the execution of the alleged culprit.
The story of the profanation, unexpected rediscovery of the Host by a member of the ruling elite, and the castigation of the New Christians was commemorated for years, as Portuguese sermons reveal. Even more interesting from our point of view is that it also became an object of contestation in the debate over the status of the New Christians in Iberia. In 1631, just a few months after the Santa Engracia sacrilege, while those accused in the Cristo de la Paciencia affair were already incarcerated by the Inquisition (but not yet accused of sacrilege), Portuguese Inquisitor-General Francisco de Castro wrote a petition to Philip in which he addressed a previous petition written by New Christians to the king.
Refuting their claims of unjust persecution, Castro presented the case of sacrilege at Santa Engracia as clear and convincing evidence against the New Christians.
899


Reserve: $400.00

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  • Location: This item ships from Pennsylvania.

    Your purchase is protected:
    Photos, descriptions, and estimates were prepared with the utmost care by a fully certified expert and appraiser. All items in this sale are guaranteed authentic.

    In the rare event that the item did not conform to the lot description in the sale, Jasper52 specialists are here to help. Buyers may return the item for a full refund provided you notify Jasper52 within 5 days of receiving the item.
  • Buyer's Premium
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    1637 INQUISITION Dom Luis de Melo SERMONS VELLUM

    Estimate $550 - $700
    May 04, 2021
    See Sold Price
    Starting Price $340
    Shipping, Payment & Auction Policies
    Ships from Pennsylvania
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    0007: 1637 INQUISITION Dom Luis de Melo SERMONS VELLUM

    Sold for $400
    3 Bids
    Est. $550 - $700Starting Price $340
    16th - 19th Century Antique Books Collection
    May 04, 2021 4:00 PM EDT
    Buyer's Premium 15%

    Lot 0007 Details

    Description
    ...
    (INQUISITION).
    Dom Luís de Melo. Sermoens.
    Episcopal coat of arms.
    pp. (3), 44.
    Wormed and dampsoiled.
    Original limp vellum, worn.
    Small 4to. : 6 by 7.5"
    Lisbon: Iorge Rodriguez 1637
    Contains two Auto de Fe sermons by the Lisbon Inquisitor Dom Luís de Melo.
    The first, from October 11th , 1637 at Ribeira Velha de Lisboa, where five New Christians were sentenced to death by fire: Joao de Siqueira, Diogo Machado, Maria Rodrigues, Isabel Ulhoa and Antonia Mendes.
    The second sermon, from 16th January, 1636 at Lisbon’s Santa Engracia, was in commemoration of memory of the Profanation of Santa Engracia, which took place on January 15-16th of 1630, and lead to a violent wave of persecution against New Christians all over the reign: "The intensification of the Portuguese Inquisition's opposition to the Spanish Crown was accompanied by new cases based on allegations of sacrilege.
    A laconic entry in a Portuguese archival register tells one such story: “Sacrilege committed in the Church of Santa Engracia of Lisbon during the night of January 15th to 16th and a theft of the Most Holy Sacrament, removed in a tortoise shell ciborium, which was found [later] in the Seco river near Alcantara in a quarry on January 29, 1631, by Dom Joao de Castello Branco, oldest son of the Count of Sabugal”.
    The thin description of the event is somewhat misleading. The story of the “profanation of Santa Engracia” quickly dispersed to the rest of the country and elicited a widespread response against New Christians, who were blamed for the sacrilege.
    In Coimbra, Lisbon, Evora and Braga students boycotted classes, demanding the expulsion of New Christian students.
    Eventually, a man named Simao Pires Solis was arrested by the Portuguese Inquisition and interrogated under torture.
    He was charged with Judaising and the theft of the Host from Santa Engracia.
    Pires Solis' end was an unfortunate one.
    After being condemned to death, his hands were amputated and only then he was burned alive at the stake.
    Yet, as was the case in the affair in Madrid, the Santa. Engracia case did not end with the execution of the alleged culprit.
    The story of the profanation, unexpected rediscovery of the Host by a member of the ruling elite, and the castigation of the New Christians was commemorated for years, as Portuguese sermons reveal. Even more interesting from our point of view is that it also became an object of contestation in the debate over the status of the New Christians in Iberia. In 1631, just a few months after the Santa Engracia sacrilege, while those accused in the Cristo de la Paciencia affair were already incarcerated by the Inquisition (but not yet accused of sacrilege), Portuguese Inquisitor-General Francisco de Castro wrote a petition to Philip in which he addressed a previous petition written by New Christians to the king.
    Refuting their claims of unjust persecution, Castro presented the case of sacrilege at Santa Engracia as clear and convincing evidence against the New Christians.
    899


    Reserve: $400.00

    Shipping:
  • Domestic: Flat-rate of $25.00 to anywhere within the contiguous U.S.
  • International: Foreign shipping rates are determined by destination.
  • Combined shipping: Please ask about combined shipping for multiple lots before bidding.
  • Location: This item ships from Pennsylvania.

    Your purchase is protected:
    Photos, descriptions, and estimates were prepared with the utmost care by a fully certified expert and appraiser. All items in this sale are guaranteed authentic.

    In the rare event that the item did not conform to the lot description in the sale, Jasper52 specialists are here to help. Buyers may return the item for a full refund provided you notify Jasper52 within 5 days of receiving the item.
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