logo
Weekly Auctions of Exceptional Items
Log In
lots of lots
This listing has sold.

Exceedingly Rare Schutz-Pass Initialed by Swedish

Sold on LiveAuctioneers

item-77041762=1
item-77041762=2
item-77041762=3
Exceedingly Rare Schutz-Pass Initialed by Swedish

Lot 0249 Details

Description
Wallenberg Raoul

Exceedingly Rare Schutz-Pass Initialed by Swedish Diplomat Raoul Wallenberg to Protect Ilona Levai From Wearing the Yellow Star


Single page document signed Schutz-Pass (a protective' pass' functioning as a Swedish passport), in Hungarian and German, initialed by Raoul Wallenberg along the bottom left corner with his iconic "R", pen stroke, one page 8.25" x 13.25". Completed in typescript and inclusive of black and white ink stamped photo, the document bears the original ink official stamp of the Royal Swedish Legation. Dated "September 15, 1944". Expected folds, slight staining to one crease line, else near fine with usual minor flaws. This original document is additionally accompanied by 3 photocopies of Levai Miksa's other required documentation of protection.


Loosely translated the document states:

The Swedish delegation in Budapest, that the above-mentioned in the context of - from the Royal Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, authorized repatriation to travel to Sweden ..."


An exceptional document signed by one of the 20th-century's greatest humanitarians, created in response to efforts to save Hungarian Jews during the Holocaust. Jews in Hungary had been subjected to discrimination and anti-Semitic laws. But because of Hungary's alliance with Germany, Hungarian Jews had, until that point, been insulated from the horror experienced by Jews in other parts of Europe. That was to change drastically - Hitler had begun to distrust the Hungarian leader Miklos Horthy and on 19 March 1944, German forces occupied Hungary. In the weeks and months that followed, hundreds of thousands of Jews across Hungary were rounded up, moved into ghettos and forced on to deportation trains. With the help of the Hungarian government, the Nazis deported 440,000 Jews from Hungary in the space of two months - most were sent to the largest and most infamous death camp, Auschwitz-Birkenau. So in the summer of 1944, Sweden - with US backing - agreed to use its diplomatic mission in Budapest to help Hungary's remaining Jews.


Thirty-one-year-old businessman Raoul Wallenberg came from one of Sweden's wealthiest and most important families - he had no diplomatic experience and had studied architecture at university, but his charisma marked him out. Before Wallenberg's arrival, the Swedish embassy in Budapest was already issuing travel documents to Hungarian Jews - these special certificates functioned as a Swedish passport. The papers had no real authority in law but the Swedes managed to persuade the Hungarian authorities that people holding them were under their protection.


When Wallenberg arrived, he decided that the certificates needed to look more official so he redesigned them. He introduced the colors of the Swedish flag, blue and yellow, marked the documents with government stamps and added Swedish crowns. Wallenberg would also initial the document in the lower left corner. These were known as a Schutz-Pass or protective pass. This document is one such rare example. Armed with such documents, Jews fell under the protection of Sweden, an officially neutral nation.


These priceless lifesaving documents, granting escape from otherwise certain death, were paid for dearly with the life of one of the greatest humanitarians of the 20th century. "When the Soviet army was closing in on Budapest and the other diplomats left the city, Wallenberg chose to remain there in order to protect ‘his Jews' in any eventuality which might arise. He went to the Soviet headquarters in Debrecyn for that purpose; all trace was lost of him and he was never seen again alive" (Encyclopedia Judaica). Recently at the Kestenbaum auction in NYC, a Schutz-Pass in lesser overall condition and signed/initialed with the Wallenberg "R" sold for $11,000.


This item comes with a Certificate from John Reznikoff, a premier authenticator for both major 3rd party authentication services, PSA and JSA (James Spence Authentications), as well as numerous auction houses.


WE PROVIDE IN-HOUSE SHIPPING WORLDWIDE!
Buyer's Premium
  • 25%

Exceedingly Rare Schutz-Pass Initialed by Swedish

Estimate $7,000 - $8,000
Nov 05, 2019
Starting Price $2,400
Shipping, Payment & Auction Policies
See Policy for Shipping
Ships fromWestport , CT, United States
University Archives

University Archives

badge TOP RATED
Westport , CT, USA
1,956 Followers
Auction Curated By
John Reznikoff
President
logo
www.liveauctioneers.com
item

0249: Exceedingly Rare Schutz-Pass Initialed by Swedish

Sold for $5,000
13 Bids
Est. $7,000 - $8,000Starting Price $2,400
Manuscripts, Books & Apollo Related Items
Tue, Nov 05, 2019 10:30 AM EST
Buyer's Premium 25%

Lot 0249 Details

Description
...
Wallenberg Raoul

Exceedingly Rare Schutz-Pass Initialed by Swedish Diplomat Raoul Wallenberg to Protect Ilona Levai From Wearing the Yellow Star


Single page document signed Schutz-Pass (a protective' pass' functioning as a Swedish passport), in Hungarian and German, initialed by Raoul Wallenberg along the bottom left corner with his iconic "R", pen stroke, one page 8.25" x 13.25". Completed in typescript and inclusive of black and white ink stamped photo, the document bears the original ink official stamp of the Royal Swedish Legation. Dated "September 15, 1944". Expected folds, slight staining to one crease line, else near fine with usual minor flaws. This original document is additionally accompanied by 3 photocopies of Levai Miksa's other required documentation of protection.


Loosely translated the document states:

The Swedish delegation in Budapest, that the above-mentioned in the context of - from the Royal Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, authorized repatriation to travel to Sweden ..."


An exceptional document signed by one of the 20th-century's greatest humanitarians, created in response to efforts to save Hungarian Jews during the Holocaust. Jews in Hungary had been subjected to discrimination and anti-Semitic laws. But because of Hungary's alliance with Germany, Hungarian Jews had, until that point, been insulated from the horror experienced by Jews in other parts of Europe. That was to change drastically - Hitler had begun to distrust the Hungarian leader Miklos Horthy and on 19 March 1944, German forces occupied Hungary. In the weeks and months that followed, hundreds of thousands of Jews across Hungary were rounded up, moved into ghettos and forced on to deportation trains. With the help of the Hungarian government, the Nazis deported 440,000 Jews from Hungary in the space of two months - most were sent to the largest and most infamous death camp, Auschwitz-Birkenau. So in the summer of 1944, Sweden - with US backing - agreed to use its diplomatic mission in Budapest to help Hungary's remaining Jews.


Thirty-one-year-old businessman Raoul Wallenberg came from one of Sweden's wealthiest and most important families - he had no diplomatic experience and had studied architecture at university, but his charisma marked him out. Before Wallenberg's arrival, the Swedish embassy in Budapest was already issuing travel documents to Hungarian Jews - these special certificates functioned as a Swedish passport. The papers had no real authority in law but the Swedes managed to persuade the Hungarian authorities that people holding them were under their protection.


When Wallenberg arrived, he decided that the certificates needed to look more official so he redesigned them. He introduced the colors of the Swedish flag, blue and yellow, marked the documents with government stamps and added Swedish crowns. Wallenberg would also initial the document in the lower left corner. These were known as a Schutz-Pass or protective pass. This document is one such rare example. Armed with such documents, Jews fell under the protection of Sweden, an officially neutral nation.


These priceless lifesaving documents, granting escape from otherwise certain death, were paid for dearly with the life of one of the greatest humanitarians of the 20th century. "When the Soviet army was closing in on Budapest and the other diplomats left the city, Wallenberg chose to remain there in order to protect ‘his Jews' in any eventuality which might arise. He went to the Soviet headquarters in Debrecyn for that purpose; all trace was lost of him and he was never seen again alive" (Encyclopedia Judaica). Recently at the Kestenbaum auction in NYC, a Schutz-Pass in lesser overall condition and signed/initialed with the Wallenberg "R" sold for $11,000.


This item comes with a Certificate from John Reznikoff, a premier authenticator for both major 3rd party authentication services, PSA and JSA (James Spence Authentications), as well as numerous auction houses.


WE PROVIDE IN-HOUSE SHIPPING WORLDWIDE!

Contacts

University Archives
(203) 454-0111
88 Danbury Road, Suite 2A
Wilton, CT 06897
USA
LiveAuctioneers Support
info@liveauctioneers.com
iphoneandroidPhone
BACK TO TOP